Palestine Liberation Organization


The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was established in 1964 and has been the embodiment of the Palestinian national movement. It is a broad national front, or an umbrella organization, comprised of numerous organizations of the resistance movement, political parties, popular organizations, and independent personalities and figures from all sectors of life. The Arab Summit in 1974 recognized the PLO as the “sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people” and since then the PLO has represented Palestine at the United Nations, the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries (NAM), the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), and in many other fora. In addition to its broad national and political goals, the PLO has dealt with numerous tasks with regard to the life of the Palestinian people in their main communities and throughout the world through the establishment of several institutions in such realms as health, education and social services. As such, the PLO is more than a national liberation movement striving to achieve the national goals of the Palestinian people, including the independence of the State of Palestine with East Jerusalem as its capital.

Structure of the Palestine Liberation Organization
Palestine National Council
The PNC, which is the highest decision-making body of the PLO, is considered to be the parliament of all Palestinians inside and outside of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem. The PNC normally sets PLO policies, elects the Executive Committee and makes the necessary changes in its own membership, as well as changes to the Palestine National Charter (a special meeting is required) and to the Fundamental Law of the organization. The PNC also elects a speaker, two deputies and a secretary, who make up the Bureau of the Council. The Council has its own standing committees for various aspects of its work, such as its legal and political committees. The composition of the PNC represents all sectors of the Palestinian community worldwide and includes numerous organizations of the resistance movement, political parties, popular organizations (each of the above is represented by specific quotas) and independent personalities and figures from all sectors of life, including intellectuals, religious leaders and businessmen.
Central Council
The Central Council, which was established by the PNC in 1973, is the second leading body of the PLO. The Council functions as an intermediary body between the PNC and the Executive Committee. At present, the membership stands at 124, including 15 representatives of the PLC.
Executive Committee
The Executive Committee is the daily leading body of the PLO and it represents the organization at the international level. The Committee is elected by the members of PNC and it is responsible to the PNC. Its main function is to execute the policies and decisions set out by the PNC and the Central Council. The Committee is also responsible for adopting a budget and for overseeing the functioning of the departments of the PLO, the responsibilities of which are distributed among its members. Decisions of the Committee are taken by a simple majority. Its membership stands at 18, including its Chairman.
Members of the Executive Committee:
§ Chairman:
§ H.E. Dr. Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen)
§ Secretary-General:
§ Mr. Yasser Abed Rabbo
§ Members:
§ Dr. Zakaria Al-Agha
§ Mr.Mohammad Zuhdi Al-Nashashibi
§ Mr.Hanna ‘Amireh
§ Dr. Hanan Ashrawi
§ Dr. Sa’eb Erekat
§ Mr. Ali Is’haq
§ Mr. Mahmoud Ismail
§ Mr. Taysir Khaled
§ Dr. Riad Khodari
§ Mr. Ahmad Majdalani
§ Mr. Abdel Rahim Malouh
§ Mr. Saleh Ra’fat
§ Mr. Farouk Qaddoumi
§ Mr. Ahmad Qurei’
§ Mr. Ghassan Shaka’a
§ Observers:
§ Mr. Jamil Shahada
§ Mr. Wasel Abu Yousef
Palestine National Fund
The Fund is managed by a board of directors and by a chairman who is elected by the PNC and who automatically serves on the Executive Committee. The other members of the board are appointed by the Executive Committee, with a maximum of 11 members. Revenues for the fund come from two sources – a fixed tax on the wages earned by all Palestinians living in Arab countries and collected by those respective governments and from financial contributions by Arab governments and peoples, an amount that in the past was substantial.
Palestine Liberation Army
The Palestine Liberation Army (PLA) was established as the official military branch of the PLO in 1964, in accordance with the resolutions of the 1st Palestinian Conference (the 1st PNC). At that time, three brigades were established: Ein Jalut in Gaza and Egypt, Kadissiyah in Iraq, and Hiteen in Syria. In practice, those brigades were dominated by the general command of the armed forces of their respective host countries. Over time, however, changes were made to the PLA’s structure, including, for instance, the establishment in 1968 of commando units in Gaza to fight against the Israeli occupation, known as Kuwat al-Tahrir Al-Sha’biya (Popular Liberation Troops). With the establishment of the Palestine National Authority (PNA) in the mid 1990’s, important parts of those brigades were absorbed into the PNA security forces.
The Organization has established departments that are responsible for several important spheres of work, each headed by a member of the Executive Committee. The departments include, among others, the Political Department, the Department of Returnees, the Department of Culture and Information, and the Department of Popular Organizations.

Government of the State of Palestine

The current Government was sworn in by the President of the State of Palestine, Mr. Mahmoud Abbas, on 2 June 2014.

Dr. Rami Hamdallah: Prime Minister, Minister of Interior
Dr. Ziad Abu Amr: Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Culture
Dr. Mohammed Mostafa: Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of National Economy
Dr. Riad Al-Malki: Minister of Foreign Affairs
Dr. Shukri Bishara: Minister of Finance, Minister of Planning
Mr. Saleem Al-Saqqa: Minister of Justice
Mr. Adnan Al-Husseini: Minister of Jerusalem Affairs
Mrs. Rula Maa’yaa: Minister of Tourism and Antiquities
Dr. Jawad Awwad: Minister of Health
Dr. Khawla Shakhshir: Minister of Education
Dr. Allam Mousa: Minister of Telecommunications and Information Technology, Minister of Transportation
Mr. Mofeed Al-Hasayneh: Minister of Public Works and Housing
Mr. Shawqi Al-Aissa: Minister of Agriculture, Minister of Social Affairs, Minister of Prisoners’ Affairs
Dr. Haifaa Al-Agha: Minister of Women’s Affairs
Mr. Ma’moun Abu Shahla: Minister of Labor
Mr. Nayef Abu Khalaf: Minister of Local Government
Mr. Youssef Ideiss: Minister of Waqf and Religious Affairs
Mr. Ali Abu Diyak: Secretary-General of the Cabinet (Rank of Minister)

Palestine, the Holy Land

Info-graphic: Loss Of Land - How Palestinians gradually lost their land over the years. (Design by Farwa Rizwan / Al Arabiya English)
Info-graphic: Loss Of Land – How Palestinians gradually lost their land over the years. (Design by Farwa Rizwan / Al Arabiya English)

The location of historic Palestine is at the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, south of Lebanon and west of Jordan.

Palestine Geography; consists of four regions in the country. The four regions of Palestine´s Geography are Jordan valley and Ghawr, coastal and inner plains, Mountain and Hills and Southern Desert.

Mandatory Palestine
In the second decade of last century, the United Kingdom had agreed in the McMahon–Hussein Correspondence that it would honor Arab independence if they revolted against the Ottomans. However, Contrary to this agreement, the UK and France divided the area under the Sykes–Picot Agreement.
This act was perceived as of betrayal by all peoples in the region and was asserted by the Balfour Declaration promising support for a Jewish “national home” in Palestine. (Balfour then was the British Foreign Minister).

“Dear Lord Rothschild,
I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty’s Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet.
“His Majesty’s Government, view with favor, the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.
I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.
Yours sincerely,
Arthur James Balfour”.

In June 1922, Britain obtained a mandate from the League of Nations for Palestine. The civil Mandate administration was formalized with the League of Nations’ consent in 1923 under the British Mandate for Palestine. In Nov 29 1947 the UN general Assembly adopted the resolution 181 known as the Partition plan, recommending a partition of Palestine in to two states ,Jewish and Arab with Jerusalem and Bethlehem as a corpus seperatum under a special International regime and to follow the termination of the British Mandate
This plan granted Jews 56.47% of Mandatory Palestine and the rest 43.53% was assigned to the Palestinians. We recall that in 1947 there was actually no consensus, and yet the international community somehow found the political will to act, adopting resolution 181 (II), partitioning Mandatory Palestine and creating the State of Israel.
Arabs rejected partition plan, because it violated the principles of national self-determination in the UN charter , which granted people the right to decide their own destiny.
The following demographic and land ownership two years before the adoption of the Partition plan by the UN. Explain to what would have been the results had residents of historic Palestine been given the right to decide their own destiny and their right to self- determination.
In 1945, a demographic study showed that the population had grown to 1,764,520, comprising 1,061,270 Muslims, 135,550 Christians, 553,600 Jews (majority of them were immigrants), and 14,100 people of other groups.


Land ownership by district
The following table shows the 1945 land ownership of mandatory Palestine by City:


The state of Palestine
On Nov. 29, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly approved an upgrade from the Palestinian Authority’s observer status to that of a non-member state. The vote came after Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas spoke to the General Assembly and asked for a “birth certificate” for the state of Palestine. Of the 193 nations in the General Assembly, 138 voted in favor of the upgrade in status. This new status of “non-member observer state” would allow Palestine, the state, access to international organizations such as the International Criminal Court (ICC).
After the vote, Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki spoke in a press conference about working with the ICC and other organizations. He said, “As long as the Israelis are not committing atrocities, are not building settlements, are not violating international law, then we don’t see any reason to go anywhere. If the Israelis continue with such policy – aggression, settlements, assassinations, attacks, confiscations, building walls – violating international law, then we have no other remedy but really to knock those to other places.”
The State of Palestine has so far joined 41 international treaties, including the Geneva Conventions and their additional protocols, as well as the core International Human Rights Treaties.
On April 1, 2015. The State of Palestine officially became a member of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

The state of Palestine is composed of: The West Bank including East Jerusalem is 5,655 Km2; 130 Km long and 40-65 Km in width
And the Gaza strip; 365 Km2; 45 Km long and 5-12 Km in width
Total is 6,020 Km2

The Palestinians, Muslims and Christians, are direct descendants of the Arab people and share their religions, culture, language and history. Consequent to the creation of Israel in 1948, the Jewish Zionists widened their territorial control on every front and in the end commanded 78 per cent of historic Palestine, instead of the 56% allotted to them by the United Nations’ partition plan (resolution 181). This illegal territorial expansion by force at the hands of Zionist gangs, the founders of Israel and resulted in driving by force 750000 Palestinians out of their homes. This act is known worldwide, the Palestinian NAKBAH (catastrophe). These Palestinians found themselves until this date, homeless and stateless refugees inside Palestine and outside Palestine – diaspora.
Palestinian population in 2014 number is approximately 11.5 million of which more than 5 million in the Diaspora. They are a people struggling to preserve their national identity and existence in the face of vast challenges in their ongoing quest for liberation, and their crisis has become untenable; it has become existential
4.550,368 million are residing in the West Bank (2. 790,331) and Gaza (1.760,37) . 1.730. million Palestinians live inside the Green Line Area (Israel). Population growth rate in the Palestinian Territories is around 3.3%.

Government System
The Palestinian National Authority (PNA) was established on the basis of the Declaration of Principles signed between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and Israel on Sept. 13, 1993 and governs Palestinian affairs in the West Bank and Gaza. It consists of the elected President, currently MR. Mahmoud Abbas, the appointed cabinet (Ministerial Board) and the Palestinian Legislative Council.

Capital and Principal Main Cities
East Jerusalem is the capital of the state of Palestine. Principal main cities include: Gaza, Ramallah, Nablus, Hebron, Jenin, Rafah, Khan Younis, Tulkarem, Qalqilia, Bethlehem and Jericho.

Arabic is the official language of the Palestinians residents of the State of Palestine. However, Palestinians are multilingual people, while English is the most widely spoken and used in business, other languages such as Hebrew, French, German, Italian and Spanish are also spoken languages in the state of Palestine.

Palestine is the Holy Land for three monotheistic religions: Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. Palestine is the place where Prophet Mohammed ascended to heaven and houses the third holiest shrine (AL Aqsa Mosque) for all Muslims all over the world (1.7 billion). Islam has dominated the culture of Palestine for the past 1400 years. The city of Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus Christ, is a destination for Christian pilgrims from all corners of the globe, whereas Jerusalem is still the world’s biggest religious attraction for Moslem, Christian and Jewish pilgrims.

The Palestinian National Authority has no national currency. Palestinian banks accept deposits and withdrawals of foreign currencies. Major currencies that are used in Palestine include the Jordanian Dinar and the Israeli Shekel. Moreover, the US Dollar is quickly becoming the most popular currency for both deposits and credits in the Banks.

Mediterranean – hot, dry summers and short, wet, cool winters. Mountainous areas usually have cool summer nights. Because of regional differences, temperature and rainfall vary depending on the topographic area. Areas include the coastal plain, Jordan valley, eastern slopes, central highlands, and semi-coastal zone. Rain usually falls in the period between November and March with occasional snowstorms in the mountainous areas.

It’s Time for Palestine

Mahmoud Abbas
 President of Palestine

THE Palestinian people’s struggle for freedom and national independence has reached a decisive moment. The two-state formula is under serious threat, due to systematic Israeli policies and practices that have seriously undermined the solution-threatening to make it impracticable in the very near future. More alarmingly, while Palestine takes concrete and determined steps to demonstrate its commitment to international law and human rights by acceding to the main instruments of international law, Israel has taken concrete steps to undermine them, whilst openly and unambiguously declaring its hostility to Palestinian national rights.

This is happening at the same time that Palestinian refugees are being slaughtered in Syria—victims of an internal conflict to which they have never been party. The images coming out from the Al Yarmouk Refugee Camp as well as from other Palestinian camps in Syria are reminiscent of Lebanon in 1982 and Iraq in 2003. They are a reminder of the urgency to honor the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, including Palestinian refugee rights. Over 200 Palestinian children dying out of starvation during the camp’s siege is a crude reminder of the total failure of the international community to protect civilians in time of war.

It is time to put an end to the Palestinian tragedy by ensuring the rights of Palestinians under international law.

Full Article:

Op Ed H.E President Abbas


Portuguese Parliament calls for immediate release of Khalida Jarrar

The National Assembly of the Republic (Parliament) of Portugal voted on April 17 – Palestinian Prisoners’ Day – to stand in solidarity with imprisoned Palestinian parliamentarian and leader Khalida Jarrar, calling for her immediate release. This is the first national parliamentary resolution to call for Jarrar’s release. Earlier, 58 Members of European Parliament issued a letter in support of Jarrar.
The vote of solidarity, proposed by the Portuguese Communist Party, was approved by the Parliament’s Plenary Meeting number 75, with the Socialist Party, Portuguese Communist Party, Left Bloc and the Greens in favor.


Palestinian Prisoners’ Day

Issued by the Diplomatic Mission of Palestine, on the occasion of the Palestinian Prisoners Day.

The 17th of April marks a special and sad day in Palestine. It is the Palestinian prisoners’ day, to commemorate thousands of Palestinians prisoners and detainees in Israeli prisons and detention facilities. The UN Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People argues in a statement;

“There is hardly any Palestinian family that has not been affected by the ongoing campaign of arrests, harassment and intimidation carried out by the Israeli occupying forces.  The arbitrary Israeli military law criminalizes legitimate protest against the occupation.  Palestinians are tried in military courts, which do not meet the minimum international standards of fairness, independence and impartiality.  In contravention of international law, they often are convicted on secret evidence, based on confessions extracted under duress or torture, denied the right to a lawyer, with children tried as adults.  Many Palestinians do not even get a trial.  They suffer in detention, sometimes for years, not charged with any specific offence.  These actions by the occupying Power directly contravene article 71 of the Fourth Geneva Convention”.

Since the beginning of the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories in 1967, more than (850,000) of Palestinian citizens have been detained by Israel, the occupying power, among them were (15,000) female detainees, tens of thousands of children and more than 50000 administrative detentions, in addition to 65 ministers and members of the Palestinian legislative council.

Administrative detention is defined as the deprivation of liberty of a person at the request not of the judiciary but ordered by a military commander and based on “security reasons”. Under administration detention, no criminal charges are brought against the detainee and there is no intention of bringing him or her to trial. Administrative detention is an integral part of Israel’s military legal system throughout the 48 years of occupation of Palestinian territory and there are no signs that the practice will be discontinued in the near or distant future unless there is an international interference. The frequency of the use of administrative detention has fluctuated throughout Israeli occupation and has been steadily rising since the outbreak of the Second Intifada in September 2000, when it has specifically been used as a means of collective punishment against Palestinians opposing the occupation.

Detainees are held without trial and neither they nor their attorneys are allowed to see the “secret evidence” against them. This dangerous policy turned our political prisoners into hostages of the Israeli occupying security services.

The period of imprisonment in administrative detention is ranging from one month to six months. In several cases, the administrative detention can be renewed several times and may reach ten times, in this case the victims (men or women, young or old) may spend more than five years in prison without charges and trial based on the secret file. Palestinians targeted for administrative detention are mostly doctors, engineers, university academics, journalists, delegates in the legislative council. Khaleda Jarrar, elected member of the Legislative Council, Chairperson of the Palestinian Parliament’s Committee for Palestinian Prisoners was detained in the early hours of April 2, when several dozen elements of the Israeli Army assaulted her home in Ramallah.

In other words, Israeli administrative detention of Palestinians equals inhumane detention, it is a grave breach of the International Humanitarian Law and the 4th Geneva Convention and should be nullified as a first step for Israel to become a normal country which abides by International law.

Administrative detainee should be charged and face trial, or promptly released. Bearing in mind that the Israeli judiciary has not sentenced or convicted any Israeli officer from the intelligence agency who committed crimes against humanity and killed detainees during detention. On record at least 206, of the detainees have been killed while in detention since 1967. The last registered case of death was martyr Raed Aljabari from Hebron. The cause of death to these victims were as follows, (71) died as a result of torture, (54) died as a result of medical negligence, (74) died as a result of deliberate assassination after detention, (7) died as a result of direct shooting by soldiers and guards inside jail.

Currently, there are more than (6,500) Palestinian prisoners are still in Israeli occupation prisons. These prisoners are distributed in (22) Israeli prisons most notably are (Nafha, Remon, Asqalan, Beir Sabee, Hadareem, Jalbou, Shata, Ramlah, Damoun, Hasharoon, Hadarim, Naqab, Ofar and Majedo).

Among these prisoners are:

478 Sentenced to life imprisonment for one time or several times.
21 Female detainee ( 2 are underage)
200 Children under 18 years of age
480 Administrative detention

In a report published in 2013, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said “Each year, approximately 700 Palestinian children aged 12 to 17 were arrested, interrogated and detained by Israeli army, police and security agents.  In the past 10 years, an estimated 7,000 children had been detained, interrogated, prosecuted and/or imprisoned by the Israeli military”.  UNICEF confirmed that the cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment of Palestinian children in the Israeli detention system was widespread, systematic and institutionalized, in violation of article 37 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Israel cannot remain a state above the law, flouting the rights of prisoners and international humanitarian conventions. The issue of the Palestinian prisoners in the Israeli jails is a political as well as a humanitarian issue of justice. There is an international responsibility to oblige Israel to respect the International Humanitarian Law in dealing with prisoners, and to force Israel to respect its provisions on the treatment of civilians under its occupation, including the Palestinian prisoners.

The deaths of prisoners under questionable circumstances should be promptly investigated by an independent authority.

Palestine as an observer state of the UN has joined many international conventions and treaties. Most notably the Four Geneva Conventions. Consequently, it is becoming an obligation for the high contracting parties to the Geneva Convention to meet and compel Israel to abide by these conventions and protocols.

State of Palestine Officially Member of International Criminal Court

The State of Palestine has joined 41 international treaties, including the Geneva Conventions and their additional protocols, as well as the core International Human Rights Treaties, and is now officially a member of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

A closed and special ceremony organized by the ICC  honored the State of Palestine accession in the presence of the Palestinian delegation to the ceremony led by Foreign Minister Riad Malki and a team of diplomats and lawyers.

In a report put together by the PLO Negotiations Affair Department, Palestine’s policy to become party to core human rights and international humanitarian law instruments as well as the Rome Statute reflects Palestine’s unwavering commitment to peace, universal values, and  determination to provide protection for its people and hold those responsible accountable for the crimes they have committed.

The Palestinian Authority has decided to pursue an internationalization approach to achieve the long overdue inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and to put an end to decades of colonization, dispossession, forced displacement and massacres, including the 2014 Israeli aggression against the Palestinian people in the occupied Gaza Strip.

The preamble of the Rome Statute refers to the State parties’ determination ‘to put an end to impunity for the perpetrators of these crimes and thus to contribute to the prevention of such crimes’

Palestine lodged on January 1, 2015 a declaration under article 12(3) of the Rome Statute accepting the jurisdiction of the ICC over alleged crimes committed ‘in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, since June 13, 2014.’

After the presidential announcement to join the Rome Statute on December 31, 2014, Palestine deposited on January 2, 2015 its instrument of accession to the Rome Statute with the UN Secretary General.

On 6 January 2015, the United Nations Secretary General, acting in his capacity as depositary, accepted Palestine’s accession to the Rome Statute, and Palestine became the 123 State Party to the ICC.

On 7 January 2015, the Registrar of the ICC informed President Mahmoud Abbas of his acceptance of the article 12(3) declaration lodged by the Government of Palestine on January 1, 2015 and that the declaration had been transmitted to the Prosecutor for her consideration.

It was welcomed as such by the President of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute.  The Statute entered into force on 1 April 2015.

The International community established the ICC in July 2002 to prevent the commission of war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, and aggression and to hold accountable those who commit such atrocities.

Palestine is a state under a foreign military occupation, the oldest foreign occupation in modern history. It has been recognized by 135 states and has established diplomatic relations with almost 180 states. In its resolution 67/19, the UN General Assembly granted Palestine nonmember observer status. Its borders are those of the Palestinian territory occupied by Israel in June 1967, including Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem.

Israel claims that this move would eventually threat the chances to achieve peace, an allegation that is far from accurate. PA believes it is war crimes and war criminals that undermine peace efforts.

The PLO said that justice does not contradict the principle of negotiations. Both are necessary to reach a final status agreement. Supporting Palestine’s legal and diplomatic initiatives contributes to the advancement of international law and thus strengthens the possibility of reaching a just and lasting peace based on the internationally recognized terms of reference of the international law.

It further added, accountability and peace are mutually reinforcing. By seeking accountability, Palestine is contributing to the achievement of peace in the region.

The preamble of the Rome Statute recognizes ‘that such grave crimes threaten the peace, security and well-being of the world’. Only accountability and redress can bring justice and prevent the recurrence of such crimes in the future.

Though Israel doesn’t accept international jurisdiction, it was in fact created by a UN General Assembly resolution. It is important to note that Israel has been granted access to international treaties and organizations despite the fact of its status as an Occupying Power, of not having recognized borders and despite its gross violations of countless UN resolutions and agreements.

When matter come to opening investigations, only the UN Security Council and States parties to the Rome Statute can refer situations to the Prosecutor, but submissions are open not only for states, but also for individuals and organizations.

The State of Palestine lodged a declaration under article 12(3) accepting jurisdiction of the ICC for the purpose of identifying, prosecuting and judging authors, and accomplices of crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court committed in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, since June 13, 2014.

Upon receipt of the declaration, the Prosecutor of the ICC, Fatou Bensouda, opened, on January 16, 2015, a preliminary examination into the situation in Palestine.

According to the ICC, a preliminary examination is a process of examining the information available in order to reach a fully informed determination on whether there is a reasonable basis to proceed with an investigation pursuant to the criteria established by the Rome Statute.

While many experts and Palestinians fear Israel’s lack of cooperation with the findings and orders of the ICC, the decision to join the ICC came as a result of an overwhelming consensus within the Palestinian people, Palestinian political parties and civil society institutions, reported the PLO.

It reiterated Palestine’s commitment to cooperate with the court, and this commitment has been reflected in the instrument of accession to the Rome Statute and through the signing of the Agreement on the privileges and immunities of the ICC.