Category Archives: NAKBA

The Palestinian Nakba (catastrophe)

PRESS RELEASE

Issued by the Diplomatic Mission of Palestine in Portugal

 

On the Occasion of the Palestinian Nakba day, Dr. Hikmat Ajjuri, the Palestinian Ambassador to Portugal says: “On Sunday, May 15, we mourn the Day when Palestine was murdered to the birth of the State of Israel. A day that is very sad to the Palestinians in which the Zionist forces committed 33 massacres and destroyed 450 Palestinian towns and in which 750,000 Palestinians were expelled from their homes.”

 

Ambassador Ajjuri Added: “The Israelis succeeded in wiping off our villages but failed to do so with our memory.”

 

Dr. Ajjuri continued: “The only assurance that both the Palestinian Nakba and the Jewish holocaust will become frozen moments in history is by granting the Palestinians their inalienable right to celebrate their independence as their Israeli neighbours do”.

 

Annually and for the past 68 years, the Palestinians commemorate, the 15th of May, the most calamitous day in their contemporary history. Thus, every year when the Israelis celebrate the achievement of their statehood, the Palestinians mourn the Nakba (catastrophe), the great historical calamity that saw the sinews of their society shredded, their towns and villages invaded, their cities sacked and depopulated, their people – the rightful owners of the land – uprooted, evicted and scattered across the Arab world.

 

In 1948, the Jewish Zionists widened their territorial control on every front and in the end commanded 78%, instead of the 56% allotted to them by the United Nations’ partition plan of historic Palestine. In the same short period approximately 750,000 Palestinians were driven from their homes, many forcibly, at the hands of Zionist gangs and thus found themselves until this date, homeless and stateless refugees. As part of the Zionist organized ethnic cleansing campaign, more than 450 of the Palestinian villages were wiped off the face of earth purposefully to make way for an expanded Jewish state in historic Palestine, by the aforementioned gangs.   Most Israeli and Palestinian historians, of them the Jewish historian Illan Pappe, now agree, that the Zionist gangs conducted a concerned campaign of terror and atrocities including massacres. In spite of those Zionists’ inhumane practices, the Palestinians have miraculously recovered from them. They were intended to ethnic cleanse the Palestinians and to forcibly expel them in order to uproot them and erase their presence, which was rooted in the depths of their land and history. In those dark days the Palestinian people had looked to the United Nations organization as a beacon of hope and appealed for ending the injustice and for achieving justice and peace.

On the 29th 0f November 2012, and after 65 years of misery, 138 countries decided to take a stand in support of peace, justice, morality and human decency by voting in favour of Palestine as a non-member observer state at the UNGA.

In this regard the Palestinians, and regardless of their continued suffering until today at the hands of the Zionist Israeli occupiers, are obliged to say that they are indebted to Portugal along with another 137 countries which have rescued the chances of peace by rescuing the two state solution.

Comunicado de Imprensa

Emitido pela Missão Diplomática da Palestina, por ocasião do Dia da Nakba

Por ocasião do dia da Nakba Palestiniana, O Embaixador da Palestina, Dr. Hikmat Ajjuri, declara: “No Domingo, dia 15 de Maio, estaremos de luto, marcando o dia em que a Palestina foi assassinada, para nascer, no seu lugar, o Estado de Israel. É, como devem imaginar, um dia muito triste para os palestinianos. Em 1948, as forças sionistas cometeram mais de 33 massacres, destruíram mais de 450 cidades e vilas palestinianas e expulsaram cerca de 750.000 palestinianos das suas casas.”

O Embaixador Ajjuri acrescenta: “Os israelitas conseguiram apagar as nossas vilas, mas nunca conseguirão apagar a nossa memória.” E diz: “A única garantia de que a catástrofe palestiniana se tornará um momento congelado na história, tal como o holocausto judeu, será através do alcance de uma paz baseada na justiça, no respeito mútuo, através da garantia dos direitos inalienáveis de autodeterminação aos palestinianos, e na celebração da sua independência, tal como os seus vizinhos israelitas.”

Anualmente e durante os últimos 68 anos, os palestinianos marcam o dia 15 de Maio como o dia mais triste da sua história contemporânea. Em 1948, os judeus sionistas espalharam o seu controlo territorial em todas as frentes, acabando por conquistar 78% do território, em vez dos 56% que lhes foram atribuídos pelo plano da ONU de partilha da Palestina histórica. Neste mesmo curto período de tempo, aproximadamente 750,000 mil palestinianos foram expulsos das suas casas à força pelas mãos de gangues sionistas. Estas pessoas encontram-se, até a data de hoje, refugiadas, sem teto nem estado. Os gangues sionistas aniquilaram mais de 450 vilas palestinianas da face da terra, propositadamente para abrir caminho a um Estado Judeu expandido na Palestina histórica. A maioria dos historiadores palestinianos e israelitas – como o historiador judeu Ilan Pappe – já provaram que os gangues sionistas realizaram uma campanha de terror e atrocidades, incluindo massacres contra a população indígena da Palestina.

Apesar das práticas desumanas sionistas, os palestinianos conseguiram, milagrosamente, recuperar. Estas práticas foram executadas com os objectivos de limpeza étnica dos palestinianos e de expulsão à força dos seus territórios, a fim de arrancar e apagar a sua presença, que está enraizada nas profundezas da sua terra e na sua história. Nos dias mais difíceis, o povo palestiniano dirigiu-se à organização das Nações Unidas, vista como um farol de esperança, e apelou para que se acabasse com a injustiça e para que se alcançasse a justiça e a paz.

No dia 29 de Novembro de 2012, após 65 anos de miséria, 138 países decidiram tomar uma posição em defesa da paz, justiça, moralidade e decência humana, votando a favor da Palestina como um Estado observador não membro na Assembleia Geral da ONU.

A este respeito os palestinianos, independentemente do seu sofrimento continuado até hoje nas mãos dos ocupantes israelitas sionistas, estão em dívida com Portugal e com outros 137 países, que salvaram a possibilidade de paz ao resgatar a solução de dois Estados.

Special Statistical Bulletin On the 67th Anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba

By: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics

The Nakba: historical Facts
Nakba literally means a natural disaster such as an earthquake, volcano, or hurricane. However, the Nakba in Palestine is a process of destroying unarmed indigenous nation to replace it by another ‘grouped-up ‘ nation.

In 1948, 1.4 million Palestinians lived in 1,300 Palestinian towns and villages spreading over all of historic Palestine. More than 800 thousand of them were forcibly displaced from their original towns and cities into the West Bank and Gaza Strip, neighboring Arab countries, and other countries of the world. Along with the displaced, some thousands remained in their hometowns in the so-called ‘1948 areas’. Documentary evidence shows that the Zionist troupes laid hand on 774 towns and villages and destroyed 531 Palestinian towns and villages during the Nakba. The atrocities of Israeli Zionist forces also included over 70 massacres in which 15 thousand Palestinians were killed.

The Demographic Reality: Palestinian population has increased about 9-fold since the Nakba
The estimated of Palestinian population in the world totaled 12.1 million by the end of 2014. This indicates that the number of Palestinians worldwide has multiplied 8.6-fold in the 67 years since the Nakba. According to statistics, the total number of Palestinians living in historic Palestine (between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean) by the end of 2014 was 6.1 million and this number is expected to rise to 7.1 million by the end of 2020 based on current growth rates.

Statistical data ·also show that refugees constitute 43.1% of the total Palestinian population in State of Palestine. UNRWA records showed that there were 5.49 million Palestinian refugees registered in mid- 2014. Around 29.0% of Palestinian registered refugees live in 58 refugee camps, of which 10 are in Jordan, 9 in Syria, 12 in Lebanon, 19 in the West Bank, and 8 in Gaza Strip.

These estimates represent the minimum number of Palestinian refugees, given the presence of non­ registered refugees. These estimates also do not include Palestinians who were displaced between 1949 and the 1967 war, according to the UNRWA definition, and do not include the non-refugees who left or were forced to leave in the aftermath of the war in 1967. The number of Palestinians who remained in their homeland in the 1948 territory after the Nakba was estimated at 154 thousand persons, now in 2014 estimated to be 1.5 million on the 67th anniversary of the Nakba. In the 1948 territories, the sex ratio is 102.2 males per 100 females, while 35.4% of the population are below 15 years of age and 4.3% are aged 65 years and over, based on available statistics relating to Palestinians living in Israel in 2013. This illustrates that the composition of the Palestinian population in the 1948 territory is young, as it is in Palestinian society as a whole.

The number of Palestinians in State of Palestine was estimated at 4.6 million at the end of 2014 : 2.8 million in the West Bank and 1.8 million in Gaza Strip. The number of Palestinians in Jerusalem governorate at the end of 2014 was around 415 thousand, of whom 62.1% live in the areas of Jerusalem illegally annexed by Israel in 1967 (Jl). The fertility rate in Palestine is high, compared to other countries. The total fertility rate in the period 2011-2013 was 4.1 births (3.7 births in the West Bank and 4.5 births in Gaza Strip).

Population Density: Gaza Strip the most crowded place in the world
The population density in State of Palestine at the end of 2014 was 767 individuals per square kilometer (km2 : 500 individuals/km2 in the West Bank and 4,904 individuals/km2 in Gaza Strip. In
Israel, the population density of Arabs and Jews in 2014 was 383 individuals/km2.

Settlements:Most settlers live in Jerusalem as part of Israeli Judaization policy
There were 409 Israeli settlements and military bases in the West Bank at the end of 2013 and the number settlers was around 580,801 at the end of the same year. Most settlements are located in the Jerusalem govemorate. According to data, about 281,684 (48.5%) settlers live in Jerusalem govemorate, of whom 206,705 live in Jerusalem (Jl). The ratio of settlers to Palestinians in the West Bank is 21 settlers per 100 Palestinians compared to 69 settlers per 100 Palestinians in Jerusalem govemorate.

Israeli Settlers Use More Than 50 Million m3 of Water from the Palestinians Water to Cultivate the Land Seized by the Israeli Occupation

Data from the Ministry of Planning on the national strategic framework for the development of policies and interventions in the Area C, based on World Bank report indicates that the total cultivated area in Israeli settlements in the West Bank during 2013 was about 100 km2. The majority of the land is irrigated using more than 50 million m3 of the Palestinians ground water. Irrigated areas cultivated by
Palestinians 2011, are about 78 km2•

Historical Palestine: Israel controls more than 85% of its land
The area of the historical land of Palestine totals about 27,000 km2. Jews exploit more than 85% of the total area of land. Palestinian comprise 48% of the total population in historical Palestine and exploit less than 15% of the land. A Palestinian therefore has less than one fifth of the area available to an Israeli.

Water crisis in Palestine
The situation of water in Palestine differs from other countries in terms of water shortage and the limited water sources that include only the groundwater and surface water. The amount of groundwater pumped in Palestine in 2013 was 262.9 MCM and the water discharged from Palestinian springs was 39.5 MCM in the West Bank for the same year.

The amount of water obtained for Palestinians from groundwater aquifers is estimated at only 15%, while 85% is drawn by Israel. To cover the shortage the Palestinians are forced to purchase water from Israeli Water Company “Mekorot” _ at quantities totaling 63.3 MCM in 2013.

The daily allocation per capita from consumed water for domestic use in 2013: 78.8 Litter/capita/day (1/c/d) in the West Bank and 91.3 1/c/d in Gaza Strip. However, 95% of drinking water in Gaza Strip doesn’t meet WHO standards and is also less than the minimum quantities recommended by WHO (100 1/c/d).

Martyrs: Continuous efforts to build a state
The number of martyrs killed in the al Aqsa Intifada between September 29, 2000 and December 31, 2014 was 10,062. The highest toll was in 2014 with 2,240 Palestinian martyrs, followed by 2009 with 1,219 martyrs. In addition, 306 martyrs, were killed during 2012, 15 of them from the West Bank, and

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291 from Gaza Strip; 189 of them were killed during the Israeli attack on Gaza Strip in November 2012, and 56 martyrs, were killed during 2013, 42 of them from the West Bank, and 14 from Gaza Strip.

Detainees
Data from the Palestinian Commission of Detainees and Ex-detainees show that Israel has arrested more than 850 thousand Palestinians since i 967: more than 85 thousand were arrested since the A1- Aqsa Intifada. Know there are around 6,500 Palestinians in detention. Of these, 24 detainees are female, 200 are children, about 500 Palestinians are held under administrative detention (without trial) and 480 detainees are serving life sentences. Israel arrested 6,059 detainees during 2014. Since 1967, 206 Palestinians have died in Israeli jail s as a result of torture, denial of health treatment or deliberate killing

Health
Statistics for 20 13 showed that the number of physicians per 1,000 population registered in the Physicians’ Union in the West Bank was 1.3 and 2.1 in Gaza Strip. In addition, there were 2.1 nurses per 1,000 population in the West Bank and 4.5 nurses per 1000 population in Gaza Strip in 2013. There were 80 hospitals in Palestine in 2012: 50 hospitals in the West Bank and 30 in Gaza Strip. These included 25 governmental hospitals, 34 non-governmental, 17 private and 3 hospitals run by military
institutions, and one run by UNRWA. There were 5,619 hospital beds: 1.3 beds per 1,000 population
and allocated as 3,263 beds in the West Bank and 2,356 in Gaza Strip. There were 622 primary health care centers in the West Bank in 2013 and 137 centers in the Gaza Strip.

Jerusalem; Systematically Judaizing
The Israeli occupation authorities don’t only demolish Palestinian houses but also hinder the issuance of any building licen es for Palestinians in Jerusalem and its boundaries.

According to Al-Maqdisi Institute, between 2000 and 20 14, the Israeli authorities demolished 1,342 Palestinian buildings in East Jerusalem (the areas annexed by Israel in 1967). This has resulted in the displacement of 5,760 people.

Data show an increase in the cases of residents forced to demolish their own houses: 340 people were forced to demolish their own homes during the period between 2000 and 2014, the highest rate of which was recorded in 2010 with 70 demolitions and 49 in 2009.

Thousands of buildings were destroyed during the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip in 2014 Data indicate that the number of completely destroyed housing units during the Israeli aggression on Gaza Strip in summer 2014 was about 9 thousand units. Moreover, 47 thousand housing units suffered partial destruction. Furthermorer , 327 schools were completely destroyed, 50% of which served double shifts. In addition, six universities were partially destroyed. Holy places didn’t survive the attack either with the destruction of 71 mosques and some churches. 20 government buildings were completely destroyed, in addition to the damage caused to 29 hospitals and primary health care centers.

Labor Market 2014
The labor force participation rate in Palestine in 2014 was 45.8%: 45.7% among refugees and 45.8% among non-refugees. The participation rate in the West Bank was 46.6% (47.6% among refugees and 46.2% among non-refugees) compared with 44.4% in Gaza Strip for both refugees and non-refugees. The unemployment rate in Palestine was 26.9% (33.7% among refugees and 22.3% among non­ refugees). The unemployment rate in the West Bank was 17.7% (19.3% among refugees and 17.1%

among non-refugees) compared with 43.9% in Gaza Strip (44.0% among refugees and 43.5% among non-refugees).

Education
According to the primary results of the Education data the 20 14/2015 scholastic year, there were 2,843 schools in Palestine: 2, 145 in the West Bank and 698 in Gaza Strip. Their distribution according to the supervisory authority was follows: 2,096 governmental schools, 349 lJNRWA schools and 398 private schools. The total number of students in these schools exceeded 1.177 million, of whom 586 thousand were male and 591 thousand female. There were 778 thousand students enrolled in governmental schools, 290 thousand enrolled in UNRWA schools, and 109 thousand enrolled in private schools.

The illiteracy rate among Palestinians aged 15 years and above was 3.6% in 2014, distributed as 1.6% of males and 5.6% of females. It was 3.3% among refugees and 3.8% among non-refugees. Inthe field of higher education, there are 14 universities: 5 universities in Gaza Strip and nine universities in the West Bank, in addition to 19 colleges that grant bachelor 1s degrees: 6 in Gaza Strip, and 13 in the West Bank. while, there is only University for Open Education has 15 centers in the West Bank and 5 centers in the Gaza Strip, while there are 18 community colleges: 11 in the West Bank and 7 in the Gaza Strip.

Macroeconomics: Consumer Price Index during 2014
The Palestinian Consumer Price Index increased by 1.73% in 20 14 compared with 2013: by 3.84% in Gaza Strip, 2.85% in Jerusalem (JI), and by 1.20% in the West Bank. In comparison with the base year of 2010, the Consumer Price Index in Palestine increased by 9.42%: by 13.65% in Jerusalem (Jl), 12.44% in the West Bank, and 3. 14% in Gaza Strip.

Trade: Limited Palestinian exports
Both imports and exports of registered goods increased in 2013 over 20 12. In 2013, the value of imported goods totaled USD 5,163.9 million, an increase of 9.9% compared with 2012. The total value of exports was USD 900.6 million, and increased by 15.1% compared with 2012. As a result, the net trade balance in goods recorded a deficit of USD 4,263.3 million in 2013, an increase of 8.9% over 2012.

The results indicate that 87.3% of exports destination was Israel, while only 12.7% of total exports reached other countries excluding Israel. The limited value of exports to other countries was due to Israeli restrictions on Palestinian exports, especially from the Gaza Strip.

Information Society
The percentage of household s that have a computer in the State of Palestine, 63.1% for 20 14, by 66.9% in the West Bank and 55.6% in Gaza Strip, compared with 50.9% of households in 2011. The results show that 48.3% of households in the state of Palestine has a connection to the Internet in 20 14, compared with 30.4% in 2011.

Source: http://www.pcbs.gov.ps/default.aspx

May – Month of Palestinian NAKBA (Catastrophe)

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photos collected from the archive of Palestinian Nakba 

Nakba, meaning catastrophe, is commemorated by Palestinians throughout the world on May 15 every year. It marks the loss, dispossession and historic injustice suffered by the Palestinian people, through the forced expulsion from their homeland by Israeli
forces and Zionist militia. Nakba commemorates the period when approximately 800,000 Palestinians, at the time 67% of the population, became homeless and/or, stateless refugees. Today, it is estimated that 7 of the 11 million Palestinians around the world are refugees -inside and outside Palestine-, still roughly two-thirds of the Palestinian people.
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) maintains that without a just and comprehensive resolution to the plight of Palestinian refugees, which includes the recognition of their loss, pain, and suffering, a comprehensive and viable peace in the region will remain elusive.
In addition to the loss of material property, including homes, land, orchards, groves, gold, money and other valuables, Nakba marks a cultural catastrophe for the Palestinian people, a loss they are still struggling to recover from.
Nakba, for Palestine, is about the loss of potential on a mass scale. It is about reducing a vibrant and highly accomplished culture into one filled with bitter-sweet memories consumed by the national cause of return and justice. Entire villages were destroyed, then rebuilt and renamed; books, music collections and works of art were left behind as people ran for their lives, expecting to return a few weeks later; sports clubs and social organizations disappeared with the communities of which they were a part. It was a systematic campaign of death, destruction, and cultural obliteration, carried out against a nation whose vibrant culture was forcibly stunted.
This document is a snapshot of Palestine before the Nakba. It is by no means comprehensive. Its aim is to provide a window into the Palestinian cultural achievements before 1948 and the devastating effects of this cultural Nakba on the Palestinians, a people whose sheer resilience has preserved a threatened heritage and collective memory. With perseverance and creativity, Palestinians have rebuilt, time and again, their institutions and reconstructed their cultural life, overcoming repeated setbacks and assaults. In short, Nakba is an on-going story of survival

The Untold Story of a Cultural Catastrophe Al Nakba (2)

 

Al-Nakba, a documentary produced by Al-jazeera: